Learning
Science

Year 7 Science

In Year 7 the curriculum focus is on explaining phenomena involving science and its applications. Students explain the role of classification in ordering and organising information about living and non-living things. They classify the diversity of life on Earth into major taxonomic groups. Students use and develop models including food chains and food webs to represent and analyse the flow of energy and matter through ecosystems and explore the impact of changing components within these systems. Students investigate relationships in the Earth-Sun-Moon system and use models to predict and explain astronomical phenomena. They explain changes in an object’s motion by considering the interaction between multiple forces. Students learn that mixtures, including solutions, contain a combination of pure substances that can be separated using a range of techniques. They distinguish between different types of simple machines. Students make accurate measurements and control variables in experiments to analyse relationships between system components and explore and explain these relationships using appropriate representations. They make predictions and propose explanations, drawing on evidence to support their views.

Students also learn that scientific knowledge changes as new evidence becomes available, and some scientific discoveries have significantly changed people’s understanding of the world. Science knowledge can develop through collaboration and connecting ideas across the disciplines of science. Science and technology contribute to finding solutions to a range of contemporary issues; these solutions may impact on other areas of society and involve ethical considerations. Science understanding influences the development of practices in areas of human activity such as industry, agriculture and marine and terrestrial resource management. People use understanding and skills from across the disciplines of science in their occupations.

Students identify and construct questions and problems that they can investigate scientifically and make predictions based on scientific knowledge. They plan experiments, identifying variables to be changed, measured and controlled. They consider accuracy and ethics when planning investigations, including designing field or experimental methods. Students summarise data from different sources and construct representations of their data to reveal and analyse patterns and relationships, and use these when justifying their conclusions. They explain how modifications to methods could improve the quality of their data and apply their scientific knowledge and investigation findings to evaluate claims made by others. They use appropriate scientific language, representations and simple word equations to communicate science ideas, methods and findings.

 

Strands

  • Science Understanding
  • Science Inquiry Skills

Areas of Study

Semester 1 Semester 2

Working Scientifically

Classifying Living Things

Measuring Forces

Separating Mixtures

Earth, Moon and Sun

Simple Machines

Ecosystems

Assessment

  • Practical Reports
  • Tests
  • Semester Examination